Closing Arguments : STAY ON MESSAGE

It is a very effective form of communication to stay on message and repeat consistently a unified theme. In the opening statement, a theme of the case or theory of the case should have been developed.
The trial lawyer should harken back to his opening statement during summation and use some of the same language in discussing the issues. This so-called “echo effect” is very important in driving home a point. The Republicans are masters at staying on message and repeating their message constantly and consistently to their audience.
By repeating a central theme and using the same language in doing so, one is more likely to achieve the intended results of the “echo effect,” that is, implanting in the jury’s mind the message one wishes to communicate.

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